Personal safety – Safety on the worksite with Team Zero initiative
Personal safety deals with ‘high frequency – low impact incidents’. They include slips, trips, falls and dropped objects – incidents that usually affect the individual worker.
In 2015, Maersk Drilling’s safety performance improved considerably. Our LTIF was down to 0.31, compared to 0.57 in 2014. We see the same positive trend for other injuries, where the TRCF is down to 2.07, compared to 2.29 in 2014.
We strongly believe that the continuous safety improvements is a direct result of the Team Zero initiative launched in 2015.
When comparing the 2015 safety performance against the 2015 targets, we believe it tells the story of a company on a path towards a Zero incidents culture.
Dropped objects represent a serious risk factor on our drilling rigs. Small objects like a screw driver or hammer can injure people and cause damage to equipment if dropped from above a certain height. In 2015, we experienced 3 less drops than in 2014.
Making the elusive Zero a reality
The Team Zero initiative is the cross-functional, cross-industry, cross-academia approach to ensure that Zero incidents becomes reality. This will be achieved through sharing ideas, identifying & implementing innovations and working openly together in order to improve safety performance across the fleet.
"In order to achieve Zero we need to know two things from a HSSE perspective – where we are now and especially where we want to go as a company. Our safety vision serves as the ultimate milestone marker where all of our efforts take aim. Anything and everything we do across the fleet must support this overall vision in order to ensure we are all working towards this common goal. The vision sets the direction for us and defines the criteria by which we know we have achieved our safety ambitions," says Mike Andres, Head of Team Zero, Maersk Drilling.
Aspiring to be the industry leader
Besides the main goal of reaching incident free operations by 2018, Maersk drilling has the following visions:
Be the industry leader in health, safety, security and environmental performance – challenging standards and pioneering new approaches
Be the global benchmark for successfully integrating an HSSE culture into an organisation's DNA (Values)
Be the employer and service provider of choice with the healthiest, safest, most secure and environmentally respectful colleagues in the industry
The game plan
"The only way we will get to zero is by changing the entire mind-set in the organisation. We already have a strong safety culture which is focused on keeping everyone protected, but we will need to embed this even deeper and throughout all functions both onshore and offshore. In order to do this, we need to strengthen our foundation and establish a new baseline from which we can grow the zero culture we are striving for," Mike Andres continues.
The dedicated Zero function within HSSE has been given a mandate to review and redesign the current processes, training, approaches and responsibilities for safety in Maersk Drilling. The journey has been mapped to deliver incremental improvements, where each year will focus on a key stage. As a part of this, six strategic levers have been identified which will lead Maersk Drilling closer to the elusive Zero:
- Mind-set and collaboration
- Training and competency
- Process simplification & compliance
- Roles & responsibilities
- Data driven decision making
"Reaching Zero incidents requires the establishment and monitoring of various key metrics to know whether we are progressing in the right direction. It is however the sum of all we do that will help us truly embrace a Zero mind-set and ensure that HSSE is not just a peripheral activity to operations, but an integrated part of everything we do in every single role and function." Mike Andres concludes.
Process safety – Safety through organisational capabilities
Process safety deals with ‘low frequency – high impact incidents’. Events such as a fire, an explosion and a blow-out, potentially have a catastrophic impact and can affect many people and the environment.
The management of well control incidents is one of Maersk Drilling’s chief focus areas in terms of improving process safety performance. Since January 2014, Maersk Drilling has reported well control incidents using its HSSE reporting system.
In situations where there is an influx into the wellbore - a ‘kick’ - time taken to detect it and to decide on an appropriate course of action is critical to successfully managing the incident. Maersk Drilling studies the actions which can be taken in response to kicks, and liaises with Maersk Training to ensure that well control training is continuously improved in line with actual operating experience.
Through the identification and sharing of best practices and lessons learned, we believe that we can improve our capabilities concerning well control response, thereby further reducing the likelihood of a catastrophic incident, in which control of a well is lost.
First process safety KPI introduced
In 2014, Maersk Drilling introduced its first process safety KPI, known as: Well Control Incidents. By recording and analysing well control incidents in the same way as any other safety-related KPI, we can identify trends in performance, investigate root causes and target our support and follow-up activities to ensure that organisational learning takes place and performance is continually improved.
Our first Well Control Incident KPI related to the execution of follow-up activities when a medium severity WCI was reported. Medium severity corresponds to a yellow classification in our reporting system (classification is based on OLF 135, which is used extensively in the Norwegian oil and gas sector). Follow-up activities can include issuing a ‘lessons learned’ alert, the updating of our well control manual in the management system and undertaking a peer review of the incident with a well control subject-matter expert.
We have adjusted the KPI to focus on operational performance at individual drilling unit level. Each operating unit is given a %-score based on the number of medium severity/yellow well control incidents experienced over a given time period. A 100% score indicates no medium severity incidents have occurred, i.e. any and all well control incidents experienced have been successfully handled. A 50% or less-score indicates 1 or more medium severity incidents have occurred. If any unit experiences a high severity/red incident, that unit’s score will automatically default to 0%.
Gearing up our well control response capabilities
At Maersk Drilling, we are stepping up our well control response capabilities in order to reduce the likelihood of a catastrophic incident resulting from a loss of well control. Individual training matrices exist for each position and person in Maersk Drilling. In addition, we offer team-based training, which we regard as vital to high performance teams. Well control training is conducted by Maersk Training at the Maersk Offshore Science and Innovation Centre – a state-of-the-art drilling simulator located in Svendborg, Denmark.
Team-based well control training
Due to customer requirements and an increased focus from Maersk Drilling’s Senior Management Team on advanced well control training, in 2012 Maersk Drilling and Maersk Training developed two team-based well control courses: Team-based Deepwater Well Control and Team-based Surface Well Control, which are conducted in our drilling simulator.
The courses combine technical training with people skills training. The objective is for the participants to resolve normal and abnormal well control situations by applying relevant technical expertise in a team setting, while also complying with regulations and industry recommended practices, in a team setting. The human resource considerations in the drilling department are integrated into the programmes by applying relevant risk assessment plus human-factor skills and knowledge.
In 2014, it was decided that team-based well control training will be made mandatory for Drilling Section Leaders, Drillers, Assistant Drillers and Tour Pushers on a bi-annual basis. In 2015, 94 drilling crew members participated in Maersk Drilling’s team-based well control training, 6 more than the 2015 target. The target for 2016 is set at 80.
Performance enhancement training
The performance enhancement training is part of an extensive training programme for relevant crew-members on Maersk Drilling’s new units. It consists of a 60-hour, one-week programme called ‘The ultimate challenge’ which, like the team-based well control training, combines exercises that focus on team-building, mental health and operational skills.
In 2015, 60 employees received performance enhancement training, which was 23 less than the 2015 target. The target for 2016 is set at 54.